There are two types of inappropriate urination in cats that you may come across. There is house soiling and urine spraying. Today I am going to cover House Soiling.
Part one - House Soiling
House Soiling is when your cat will urinate on your floors or furniture by squatting as he would if he was using a litter box. If you have eliminated any underlying health problems, by visiting your vet, that may be causing your cat to act this way then you should start your investigation at the litter box. There are a number of factors that can cause a cat to stop using his litter box.
Think about when your cats inappropriate urination problem began. Did you change something? Perhaps you bought a new litter box for him to use or perhaps you changed the brand of litter. If you have changed either of these things then perhaps that is the simple answer. You may need to experiment with different types until you find one that he likes.
If this is not the problem then maybe the litter box is not clean enough for his liking. Cats are very fastidious animals and don’t like to use a dirty and smelly litter box. Much the same as we don’t like to use a dirty and smelly toilet.
The litter box should be cleaned regularly, preferably every day, but if not at least every couple of days. The litter box should be washed out completely with hot soapy water at least once a week and make sure that you rinse thoroughly to remove all trace of the cleaning product. If you have more than one cat in your household then you should have one litter box for each cat plus one extra litter box. Give some thought to the type of litter box you are going to buy for your cat. Most cats seem to like large, open topped litter boxes that are easy to get in and out of.
If you eliminate all of the above as the problem then it seems likely there could be another type of issue, some stress effecting your cat or in another more general way, anxiety problems for cats. What causes a stress problem in your cat? Well, it could be as simple as getting new carpet or furnishings. Then there are more stressful situations like moving house, which is a very stressful event for us humans so why wouldn’t it be stressful for our furry friends? Other factors that may cause stress for your cat is the arrival of a new child into the family, or even the addition of a new cat/kitten. Perhaps there is some competition happening between the cats of the household. Observe your cats to see if the one with the urinating problem is being bullied by one of the other cats. Maybe your cat just doesn’t like being separated from you when you go out. These are just a few examples, you will need to do your own investigating by observing how your cats act.
The best way of treating this problem, if it is possible, is to remove the anxiety inducing factor from your cats life. If you can’t eliminate it from your cats life you will perhaps need to try behavior modification therapy.
You could try using Feliway which is a product that is a synthetic equivalent of the feline facial pheromones which induces a feeling of calmness and well being in cats. This method has proved to be efficient in decreasing or eliminating inappropriate urination in 30 to 60% of cases.
If these measures don’t help there is, as a very last resort, medication to help but if you are seriously considering this route please keep in mind the potential dangerous side effects of these drugs. This is an extreme answer to the problem and should only be used when the cat has failed to respond to behavior modification techniques or environmental strategies.